Ingredient Substitutions

ground beef90% lean ground beef and decrease the amount by 25%
1 whole egg2 egg whites or 1/4 cup fat-free egg substitute
whole milk or 2%skim milk, .5% or 1%
evaporated milkfat-free evaporated skimmed milk
half & halffat-free half and half
sweetened condensed milkfat-free or low fat sweetened condensed milk
buttermilkskim or 1% buttermilk
sour creamfat-free sour cream or nonfat plain yogurt, drained
Parmesan cheesefat-free Parmesan cheese
Ricotta cheesefat-free or low fat Ricotta cheese
cheeselow fat (5 grams or less per ounce) cheese, (cheese with 3 grams fat or less per ounce does not blend well in cooked dishes)
try decreasing amount by 25%
cream cheesefat-free cream cheese
does not work in cream cheese frosting
canned cream soup98% fat-free canned cream soup
1 cup butter or shortening1 cup margarine or 7/8 cup vegetable oil
try decreasing the amount by 25%
vegetable oiltry decreasing the amount by 25% (in some recipes, strained baby food fruits or vegetables can be used to replace part of the oil)
mayonnaiselow fat or light mayonnaise
1 ounce chocolate3 tablespoons cocoa powder
baconCanadian bacon



Risk factors for heart disease

Fats in Blood

Dietary Fats

Food Guide Pyramid

Label Reading Guidelines

Sample Label

What to look for on a label

Food Groups


Dairy Products




Special Desserts/Baked Goods

Other Dietary Restrictions

Summary of Limits

Ingredient Substitutions

Tips and Hints to Help You Manage Your Diet

Parties, Holidays and Special Occasions

Dining Out

Supermarket Savvy